The coalition agreement with the title "Dare more progress". Alliance for Freedom, Justice and Sustainability" brings together the at times very different views of the governing parties on energy policy. A new, ambitious line can be seen for the future of the energy industry. The faster expansion of renewable energy forms the foundation for a more climate-friendly power supply system. On the other hand, this electricity is also to be used to decarbonize other areas , such as the transport sector and the building sector.
The Federal Government is setting itself ambitious targets for the end of fossil energy. For example, the coal phase-out, which was previously planned for 2038, is to be brought forward eight years. In addition, the use of natural gas should end in 2045.
In order to meet the increasing energy demand of our society, a massive expansion of renewable energies is necessary. "The coalition agreement outlines a significant change in the entire energy industry in the coming years," says Dr. Frank Höpner, Member of the Executive Board of ENGIE Deutschland. "The electricity market will grow by ten to 20 percent, as renewable energies are to be used more for electric mobility and hydrogen production in particular," says the expert. According to the coalition agreement, the target is an 80 percent share of the German electricity mix by 2030. So far, only 65 percent had been targeted.
As far as the heating transition is concerned, a lot will happen in Germany. By 2030, half of Germany's thermal energy is to be generated in a climate-neutral manner with a high proportion of renewable energies. This means there is a lot of pressure for district heating systems to change.
The building energy law aims to raise the requirements for new buildings and for changes in the existing buildings. From 2025, for example, at least 65 percent of every newly installed heating system will be powered by renewable energy.
In order to create incentives for modernization, landlords should be made more responsible in the future. For example, the national CO2 price is being examined in order to partially impose it on landlords for the benefit of tenants. Until now, tenants had borne the full CO2 tax for the use of heat radiators and warm water. The introduction of the idea of rent partially including heating is also to create further incentives. The landlord is responsible for a minimal basic supply of heat. Only the additional consumption is paid by the tenants. For example, the landlord would have a good incentive to carry out energy-related renovation and modernization that reduces his costs for the basic heat supply.
The coalition agreement makes clear: Our energy industry is facing a green and promising future – and a lot of work. "The biggest challenge will be the change of the gas and heating markets towards green energies," says Dr. Frank Höpner. "We at ENGIE Deutschland will therefore continue to focus on the future. We will invest in new projects and support our customers in the provision of green energy, the implementation of efficiency measures and the achievement of sustainability goals. With our entrepreneurial actions, we are making an indispensable contribution to society on the way to a climate-neutral future."
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A guest contribution by Prof. Dr. Bert Rürup (President of the Handelsblatt Research Institute) and PD Dr. Jörg Lichter.